Defined in header
void srand( unsigned seed );
Seeds the pseudo-random number generator used by std::rand() with the value
rand() is used before any calls to
rand() behaves as if it was seeded with
rand() is seeded with the same
seed, it must produce the same sequence of values.
srand() is not guaranteed to be thread-safe.
|seed||-||the seed value|
Generally speaking, the pseudo-random number generator should only be seeded once, before any calls to
rand(), at the start of the program.
It should not be repeatedly seeded, or reseeded every time you wish to generate a new batch of pseudo-random numbers.
Standard practice is to use the result of a call to time(0) as the seed.
time() returns a time_t value, and
time_t is not guaranteed to be an integral type.
In practice, though, every major implementation defines
time_t to be an integral type, and this is also what POSIX requires.
Random value on [0 2147483647]: 1373858591
| generates a pseudo-random number |
| maximum possible value generated by std::rand |
| reseeds the per-thread random engine |