< cpp‎ | ranges
Defined in header <ranges>
struct dangling;
(since C++20)

dangling is a placeholder type and an empty class type, used together with the template aliases ranges::safe_iterator_t and ranges::safe_subrange_t.

When some constrain algorithms that usually return an iterator or a subrange of a Range take a particular rvalue Range argument that does not models exposition-only concept __ForwardingRange, dangling will be returned instead to avoid returning potentially dangling results.

Member functions


constexpr dangling() noexcept = default;
template<class... Args>
constexpr dangling(Args&&...) noexcept { }
1) dangling is trivially default constructible.
2) dangling can be constructed from arguments of arbitrary number and arbitrary non-void type. The construction does not have any side-effect itself.

In other words, after replacing the type (e.g. an iterator type) in a well-formed non-aggregate initialization with dangling, the resulting initialization is also well-formed.


See also

obtains iterator type or subrange type of a Range which also models __ForwardingRange
(alias template)