Si the JieJie has too much money. Today, he is feeling rich and carried $B as pocket money to school.
As he is too rich, he wants to feel poorer by converting his money into as few notes as possible and needs your help.
In the Jiejie world, notes comes in denomations of powers of 2. (Eg: $1, $2, $4, $8, $16, $32 .. etc)
A single integer, B, denoting how much money Si the JieJie brought to school today.
It is guaranteed that B will fit into a 64-bit unsigned integer.
A single integer, denoting the minimum number of notes required to express $B in notes.
19 can be expressed as 16 + 2 + 1 for a minimum of 3 notes.